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Biblatex provides several standard citations styles, if no citation style is set LaTeX uses the one that matches the bibliography style. Below you can see an example:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[english]{babel}
 
\usepackage[
backend=biber,
style=alphabetic,
citestyle=authoryear
]{biblatex}
 
\addbibresource{sample.bib} %Imports bibliography file
 
\begin{document}
\section{First section}
 
This document is an example, two items are cited: \textit{The \LaTeX\ Companion} book is \cite{latexcompanion}, and Einstein's journal paper is \cite{einstein}.
 
\medskip
 
\printbibliography
\end{document}

CitationstylesEx1.png

The parameter citestyle=authoryear passed to the command that imports biblatex is the one that sets the citation style, in this case authoryear. The standard citation styles are:

  • numeric Implements a numeric citation scheme intended for in-text citations. Should be employed in conjunction with the numeric bibliography style.
  • numeric-comp Compact variant of the numeric mode. Citations like [1, 2, 3] are replaced by [1-3].
  • numeric-verb Verbose variant of the numeric style. Instead of [2, 5, 7] will print [2];[5];[7].
  • alphabetic Alphabetic citation scheme similar to the standard alpha in style bibtex. To be used in conjunction with the alphabetic bibliography style.
  • alphabetic-verb Verbose version of the alphabetic style. Instead of [Doe98, Doe95, Farn2004] will print [Doe98];[Doe95];[Farn2004].
  • authoryear Implements the author-year citation scheme. To be used in conjunction with the author-year bibliography style.
  • authoryear-comp Compact variant of the authoryear style. Prints the author only once if subsequent references passed to a single citation command share the same author. Prints Doe 1992, 1995 instead of Doe 1992, Doe 1995.
  • authoryear-ibid A variant of the authoryear intended for footnote citations. Replaces repeated citations by the abbreviation ibidem.
  • authoryear-icomp A style combining the features of authoryear-comp and authoryear-ibid
  • authortitle Implements the author-title scheme. Intended for citations given in footnotes.
  • authortitle-comp Compact variant of authortitle. Instead of Doe, First title; Doe, Second title this will print Doe, First title, Second title.
  • authortitle-ibid A variant of the authortitle intended for footnote citations. Replaces repeated citations by the abbreviation ibidem.
  • authortitle-icomp A style combining authortitle-comp and authortitle-ibid.
  • authortitle-terse Variant of authoritle that only prints the title if the bibliography contains more than one work of the respective author/editor.
  • authortitle-tcomp Style combining authortitle-terse and authortitle-comp.
  • authortitle-ticomp Style combining authortitle-icomp and authortitle-terse.
  • verbose Citation style that prints a full citation when the entry is cited for the first time and a short version afterwards.
  • reading Citation style that goes with the bibliography style by the same name. Loads the authortitle style.

There are other non-standard citation styles popular in different journals and thesis

  • In Sciences:
    • American Chemical Society (ACS) style
    • American Institute of Physics (AIP) style
    • American Mathematical Society (AMS) style
    • Vancouver system
    • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style
    • Nature style
    • Science style
  • In Humanities:
    • Chicago Style
    • Harvard referencing style
    • MLA style
  • In Socials:
    • American Psychological Association (APA) style
Citation style biblatex stylename
ACS chem-acs
AIP phys (*)
Nature nature
Science science
IEEE ieee
Chicago chicago-authordate
MLA mla
APA apa

(*) this is a new style, see http://ctan.org/pkg/biblatex-phys

  Open an example of the biblatex package in ShareLaTeX

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