When measuring a speed, the most common way to calculate it is by recording
how far something went and the time it took to go that far. In the case of light,
this is very difficult. One could conceivably shine a light over a vast distance
and have someone else record when they see the light, but this would be difficult
even at large distances. The person recording when they see it will need to have
terrific reflexes to accurately measure a correct time as the time will be very
short. A better method involves the use of a quickly rotating mirror and a beam
of light. By aiming a beam of light o the rotating mirror, then reflecting it
o a second stationary mirror back into the rotating mirror, calculations can be
made on the speed of light. After first hitting the rotating mirror, the mirror
will rotate very slightly in the time it takes the beam of light to return and
will reflect back to a different position from where it came from. By measuring
the displacement of the round trip, a measurement of the speed of light can be
In this work, we investigate the STO as a detector with in-plane geometry using field modulation Spin Torque ferromagnetic resonance (FM-STFMR), during which microwave signal is injected into the device and output response is measured in terms of RMS voltage across lock-in amplifier. The microwave signal injected externally to STO, efficiently synchronizes signal at two times the frequency of free oscillation of the nanomagnet (f0). The synchronization efficiently enhances signal sensitivity at 2f0 which opens other potential for development of spintronic devices. The effect of synchronization in STO under applied input RF power follows a consistent decrease in sensitivity with increasing power. Better synchronization at 2f0 is noticed above threshold current and shows good agreement with the results of numerical simulations.
We will study some aspects of the damped driven pendulum. We will see that the trajectory of damped driven pendulum is unpredictable under certain ranges of parameters.
Under some conditions, the trajectory behaves like random. A perturbation of initial condition will lead to different result. Several mathematical tools will be introduced in this study.
En esta práctica se utilizarán conocimientos de cinemática para encontrar el valor de la aceleración gravitacional, por medio de dos experimentos diferentes, uno que involucra la caída libre y el otro involucra un péndulo, además, se estimará la confianza y validez de los resultados.