Typical derivations of kinetic theory equations often exchange the contact time of the particle on a wall with the period of the particle's motion between walls. In this paper we redefine pressure as time-dependent in order to solve this issue and show that this definition makes much more intuitive and theoretical sense than our old definition of pressure.

Maximization of muffler performance is important, but there is always space volume constraints.
Shape optimization of multi-segments Muffler coupled with the GA searching technique.
Outline:
Problem Statement
Derivation of Four Pole Matrices and an expression for STL
Introduction to GA and it's Implementation
A numerical case of noise elimination on pure tone
Results and Discussion

The viscosity of a particular fluid is an interesting parameter that plays an important role in fluid dynamics of that fluid. We chose the common household cooking item canola oil. Using a ball drop, we set out to measure viscosity at various temperatures and create a model for the viscosity of canola oil as a function of temperature, as well as an accurate measurement for viscosity at room temperature. It was found that the viscosity between 0 and 40 degrees Celsius can be approximated using an exponential function and that an estimation for viscosity at room temperature was not very difficult to obtain. The precision of this measurement was limited by uncertainty in lab equipment used to measure various quantities as well as the image analysis software we used and the limited frame-rate of our camera.

Physics being an experimental science, we sought to learn how to prepare a lab and perform as a team accounting for errors and uncertainties and to reduce them. We gathered values for volume using Micrometer, gathered information on acceleration, velocity, and created a histogram using a PASCO motion sensor. A jumping experiment was also performed with a human and the motion sensor. Our main goal was to test the effects of human error and eliminating mechanical error.

To get the correct answer one must ask the correct question. In the field of Quantum Gravity the question has been how do we quantize General Relativity or derive a quantum theory which becomes General Relativity at low energies. Observing that Quantum Field Theory was the result of making Quantum Mechanics into a relativistic theory, I asked myself why not make QFT obey the principles of GR? I answered this question with a model I call Relativization. In a series of three papers I presented an answer to this alternative question which gives finite results for everything from black holes to particle physics.
Presented at the April meeting of the American Physical Society